American classification society which has established rules and regulations for the classification of seagoing vessels or equipment.
A document that establishes the terms of a contract between a shipper and a transportation company. It serves as a document of title, a contract of carriage and a receipt for goods. Multi-use documents that are essential to conduct the day-to-day operations when transportation of supplies, materials, and personal property is required. These primary documents are used to procure freight and express transportation and related services from commercial carriers, including freight forwarders.
- Transport of goods between two ports or places located in the same country.
- Transport of cargo in a country other than the country where the vehicle is registered road-cargo
- The carriage of a container from a surplus area to an area specified by the Owner of that container, in exchange of which and during which the operator can use this container.
Terms of payment: if the carrier collects a payment from the consignee and remits the amount to the shipper (air cargo).
The total weight of cargo, cargo equipment, bunkers, provisions, water, stores and spare parts which a vessel can lift when loaded to her maximum draught as applicable under the circumstances. The dead-weight is expressed in tons.
The transfer of structured data, by agreed standards from applications on the computer of one party to the applications on the computer of another party by electronic means.
The computerised handling of information (e.g. business data).
The expected date and time of arrival in a certain airport.
The expected date and time when a certain airport is left.
Major international agreement on trade and tariffs between many nations all over the world. The discussions are now held by the WTO.
- Cargo, consisting of goods, unpacked or packed, for example in cartons, crates, bags or bales, often palletised. General cargo can be shipped either in break bulk or containerized.
- Any consignment other than a consignment containing valuable cargo and charged for transport at general cargo rates (air cargo)
- Common term indicating movable property, merchandise or wares
- All materials which can be used to satisfy demands.
- Whole or part of the cargo received from the shipper, including any equipment supplied by the shipper
A United Nations agency concerned with safety at sea. Its work includes codes and rules relating to tonnage measurement of vessels, load lines, pollution and the carriage of dangerous goods. Its previous name was the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organisation (IMCO).
The movement of material/goods at the necessary place at the necessary time. The implication is that each operation is closely synchronised with the subsequent ones to make that possible. A method of inventory control that brings stock into the production process, warehouse or to the customer just in time to be used, thus reducing stock piling.
For operational purposes an LCL is considered a container in which multiple consignments or parts thereof are shipped.
A party who undertakes to carry goods and issues in his own name a Bill of Lading for such carriage, without having the availability of any own means of transport.
Also Proof of Delivery – The receipt signed by the consignee upon delivery.
The checking of goods before shipment for the purpose of determining the quantity and/or quality of said goods by an independent surveyor (inspection company) for phytosanitary, sanitary and veterinary controls. Presently there is a tendency by developing countries to use the inspection also for the purpose of determining whether the price charged for certain goods are correct.
A mutual association of shipowners who provide protection against liabilities by means of contributions.
- The price of a transport service
- Quantity, amount or degree measured or applied
System of loading and discharging a vessel whereby the cargo is driven on and off by means of a ramp.
Note: In the United States of America the word shipment is used instead of the word consignment.
The (legal) person officially registered as such in the certificate of registry where the following particulars are contained:
- Name of vessel and port of registry.
- Details contained in surveyors certificate.
- The particulars respecting the origin stated in the declaration of ownership.
- The name and description of the registered owner, if more than one owner the proportionate share of each.
A United States customs form to be completed for all exports to assist the government in compiling export statistics.
A document containing instructions given by the shipper or the shipper’s agent for preparing documents and forwarding (air cargo).
Note: Under normal circumstances the INCO terms are used to prevent any misunderstandings
- Cubic capacity of a merchant vessel
- Total weight or amount of cargo expressed in tons
- Cargo between outwards customs clearance and inwards customs clearance
- Cargo arriving at a point and departing there-from by the same through flight (air cargo)
A form of indirect sales tax paid on products and services at each stage of production or distribution, based on the value added at that stage and included in the cost to the ultimate customer.
A vessel designed for the carriage of liquid cargo in bulk with a loading capacity from 50.000 till 250.000 DWT.
- A floating structure designed for the transport of cargo and/or passengers.
- Boiler, drum